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In order to efficiently manage land acquisition, which is often complex and holds the key to its ambitious 1 billion tonne production target, Coal India Ltd is considering a monitoring system that will track development and information related to the process at its projects.
The land monitoring system, which will be part of its project monitoring framework, will help the company in maintaining satellite and cadastral data on land parcels and tracking land acquisition, a senior Coal India official said. "When you go for land acquisition, big structures are there but if you do it through satellite-based system, then the entire data is before you telling you exactly what you are acquiring today and what you are getting tomorrow," he said.
The Central Mine Planning and Design Institute (CMPDI), Coal India's consulting arm, is in the process of selecting firms to develop a web-based cadastral-level land acquisition monitoring system for the company's mining projects.
"Currently, the cadastral map is given by state governments wherever mining takes place and accordingly we submit applications for land acquisition. Now we plan to engage an outsourcing agency, which will facilitate land acquisition from state governments," another official said.
According to this official, getting the data from state governments becomes cumbersome at times.Land acquisition, which involves various processes ranging from filing of proposals to getting possession of land involving a number of stake holders, is vital for Coal India projects.
The state-run company has embarked on the road to achieve production of 1 billion tonnes of coal, threefourth of which is estimated to come from its future and under-implementation projects thereby making land acquisition a prominent requisite. The proposed system, which is seen as a decision-support tool, will compile the information on land records into a comprehensive geo-database of parcels involved in project areas with information on attributes such as area, land type and ownership.
The expected outcome of the system includes generation of near real-time decision-making information to assist project authorities, scheduled reports to periodically inform authorities on the progress of various components of land acquisition and assistance in dispute management through proper recording of process-related information. The proposed monitoring system is aimed at enabling project authorities in taking timely action by identifying gaps in land acquisition process through generation of related information.
It is also expected to facilitate evaluation of government, private and forest land involved in a project, filing of land acquisition proposals, forest and wildlife clearances and tracking of government land alienation.
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